Blooming time: July -September
Height: Can range up to 8 feet tall.
Stem and Leaves: Most species of goldenrod have
unbranched stems. Leaves are most often lance-shaped and
alternate along the stem. Leaves are sometimes more than
6 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide. The shape of the
leaves of various species can vary from oval to narrow to
almost grasslike. Goldenrod is a perennial which grows
from a root system of rhizomes, runners or crowns. For
this reason goldenrod plants are often found in large
Flowers and Fruit: Tiny yellow flowers grow in
clusters at the top of the stem. The individual flowers
are quite small. Arrangement of the flowers along the
stem or at the top of the stem vary from species to
species. Although goldenrod is often blamed for hayfever
symptoms, the plants' pollination generally occurs by
insects rather than being wind borne.
Interesting Facts: The pioneers and Native
Americans both had several uses for goldenrod. They used
it for burns, intestinal disorders, and lung problems.
Leaves of some species were used as a tea substitue.
Native Americans also used the plant for the treatment of
fevers, bee stings and diseases of women. The Meskwaki
burned the plant to produce a smoke inhalant for a person
who had fainted. An early tribal medicine tradition was
to cook goldenrod with bone from an animal that had died
about the same time that a baby was born, and then to
wash the baby with the liquid to insure its ability to
talk and laugh.
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Page last updated March 24, 2015
Text resources: Wildflowers of the Tallgrass Prairie- The Upper Midwest,
Sylvan T. Runkel and Dean M. Roosa;
A Field Guide to Wildflowers of the Northeastern and
North-central North America, Roger Tory Peterson and
Photo by Barb McGee - bjmcreations.com